Elevators enhance upper floors
In 1860, Stigler founded an engineering company. In 1898, this company will become Sigler Elevator Electric.
From 1860 to 1864, Grosvenor Hotel in London is the only hotel equipped with an hydraulic lift for 5 floors.
In 1865, the “Grand Hôtel” of Paris was equipped with hydraulic lifts on 6 floors. That year, the water pressure was so low that they needed to add a gas engine to keep the cabin at the right level. Two years later, this system was replaced by Léon Edoux.
In New York, we need to wait until 1866 to see the first elevator installed in the Saint-James hotel.
Léon EDOUX (1827 - 1910): inventor of the hydraulic elevator in France.
During the World Exhibition of Paris in 1867, Léon EDOUX showed the firsts secured hydraulic elevators with direct action. An elevator was moving people at 19,81 meters above ground.
The company Edoux & Cie merged with the company of Pierre Samain in 1912. They became Edoux-Samain and during 50 years, they were more than 700 employees in Paris.
After the creation of his company in 1842, Richard Waygood made his first hydraulic elevator in 1868.
In 1868, Otis conceived a steam lift and new security components to reach upper floors safely. Buildings with this technology will see their value increase. In New York, Chicago, San Francisco and Boston, buildings already reached more than 6 floors. They needed to install elevators. The elevator industry started to grow. Hotels and stores quickly realize they needed elevators in their premises.
The Equitable Life Assurance Society Building was the highest building of New York in 1870. With 9 floors, it was the first building with 2 Tufts Otis elevators. More than 2500 people used them the first day !
In 1874, ropes started to be used frequently in the mines in Germany.
In the same year, the US patent n°147853 is deliver to J.W. Meeker.
In 1875, the Western Union Telegraph Building in New York (9 floors) introduce 2 Otis elevators. Each one with a gas engine of 30 horsepower. Cyrus W. Baldwin conceive the third elevator of the building. It was only used for the employees and was constantly moving.
In 1875, Robert Schindler opened a machine shop near Lucerne.
In 1877, Friedrich Koepe conceive a traction motor. It will be protected by a German patent n°218.
New components of the electric Elevator
In 1877, Friedrich Koepe, an engineer from ThyssenKrupp conceive a new system of training machine.
In 1878, the first speed limiter appeared.
It trigger the parachute in case of high speed and break rope.
During the World Exhibition in 1878, Léon EDOUX installed 4 hydraulics elevators in the Trocadero towers.
Each cabin could lift 60 people over 85,34 meters.
In 1878, there were many invention and innovation.
- Siemens built the first electric elevator in Germany.
- A patent is deliver to Siemens and Halske.
- Otis introduce 2 new products. A fast hydraulic elevator (0,3 to 0,4 m/s) and a parachute triggered by a speed limiter.
- Charles Morgan Hill installed an hydraulic elevator with direct action in the Wire Works Washburn & Moer towers in Worcester.
Beginning of the electric elevator
During the World Exhibition in 1878, in Mannheim, Werner von Siemens and Halske introduced the first electric rack-and-pinion lift. This elevator goes up to 2,2 meters in 11 seconds.
Thanks to the World Exhibition of Chicago in 1896, it will mainly grow in the US.
Powerful enough, the electric engine is now ready to be implement in standard lifts.
In 1876, the first “paternoster” elevator is built by Turner and installed in the General Post Office in London.
In 1885, Professor G. Forbes got a patent n°1288 for the production of carbon engine coal.
The first concept of “Gearless” elevator was born in 1886 and was patent in USA by Reynolds.
In 1887, William Baxter installed the first electric elevator in the US. T
he first electric elevator was installed in the Demarist building in New York in 1889.
Electric elevator according to Otis in the 1890.
The electric elevator according to Otis in 1891.
Year after year, the technology of the industry improves. We are reaching the electricity.
The Elevators Online Team, with Michel CHALAUX.